How Industry 4.0 and the Emergence of IoT Aids and Challenges Industrial Firms
第四次工业革命，or Industry 4.0,这是自18世纪第一次涉及煤炭和蒸汽的革命以来的第三次重大工业转移。The second evolved through electricity and the automobile,and the third followed with the computing explosion.McKinsey refers to the currentshift involving data exchange and automationas"lightning in a bottle.""
However,there are OEM automation challenges on both the production floor and the executive floor in both implementing Industry 4.0 and subsequently using it.Recently,Deloitte polled more than 2,来自19个国家的000名C-Suite高管。They explained their findings in their second annual""Readiness Report: Success Personified in the Fourth Industrial Revolution,"presented at the World Economic Forum in Davos,Switzerland.They sought to reveal leadership actions,where progress is being made,是什么使一种领导方式与另一种领导方式不同？
- Harnessing the power of digitization.They found that industrial leaders in the Industry 4.0 age are overwhelmed with options and lack guidance in choosing which paths to follow first.Much ado about automation,but how do you harness its powers to improve plant efficiency?As implementation continues and better technologies are introduced,似乎领导者们努力从物联网中找到快速的投资回报。There's plenty of reason to believe they will.But it takes time,which is a precious commodity in the globally competitive arena of construction,,industrial machinery,,transportation,and related betway体育APPindustries.
- 让组织文化接受和使用信息.The organizational culture often lacks the discipline to follow decision-making processes.Organizational silos,许多工业公司长期面临的挑战，obstruct the ability to share information and knowledge and capitalize on it to better develop strategies.Industrial firms struggle with various functional groups safeguarding their own information,without readily sharing it with other groups under the same roof –as well as those outside of it.
- Developing a workforce adept in automation.If the workforce challenge in manufacturing,by itself,isn't enough,雇用一个有能力接受和使用自动化的员工是另一个挑战。86%的领导者认为他们正在创造一个能够使用工业4.0的劳动力。However,显著的技能差距仍然存在。About twice as many industrial leaders say they will work to train their existing employees rather than hire new ones.Unlike earlier perceptions,more leaders believe that automation will supplement workers rather than replace them.
- Dealing with security risks in an IoT industrial environment.IBM X-Force Threat Research reported thatattacks targeting industrial control systemsincreased by more than 110 percent in 2016,and rose in 2017.有更多关于物联网和连接设备对IT安全造成危害的信息。Industrial cyber is becoming a standalone topic,mostly because the risks it poses can be quite devastating and a channel for adversaries to down the infrastructure of an industrial and economic base.Each and every industrial facility in critical economic betway体育APPindustries such asoil and gas and mining,continues to struggle with a secure perimeter that instills confidence that their facilities are perfectly safeguarded from industrial cyber-attacks.
These factors are among the many challenges of automation for today's OEMs in industrial betway体育APPindustries.Construction,工业机械，machinery handling and conveying,oil,gas,mining,as well as transportation,agriculture and others—all are embracing automation,Industry 4.0,and the wiring of devices with IoT.Overcoming these challenges seems like a formidable task.Nonetheless,with effort,diligence,and persistence,all may be 必威手机managed and overcome,and the fruit of Industry 4.0 can vault operations to the next plateau of success.